ENGLISH / DUTCH
Jan van Goyen House > Jan van Goyen
Jan Josephszoon van Goyen (13 January 1596 - 27 April 1656) was a Dutch landscape painter. Van Goyen was an extremely prolific artist; approximately twelve hundred paintings and more than one thousand drawings by him are known.
Jan van Goyen was the son of a shoemaker and started as an apprentice in Leiden, the town of his birth. Like many Dutch painters of his time, Jan van Goyen studied art in the town of Haarlem with Esaias van de Velde. At age 35, he established a permanent studio in The Hague. Crenshaw tells (and mentions the sources) that Van Goyen's landscape paintings rarely fetched high prices, but he made up for the modest value of individual pieces by increasing his production, painting thinly and quickly with a limited palette of inexpensive pigments. Despite his market innovations, he always sought more income, not only through related work as an art dealer and auctioneer but also by speculating in tulips and real estate. Although the latter was usually a safe avenue of investing money, in Van Goyen's experience it led to enormous debts. Paulus Potter rented one of his houses. Nicolaes van Berchem became his pupil.
In 1652 and 1654 he was forced to sell his collection of paintings and graphic art, and he subsequently moved to a smaller house. He died in 1656 in The Hague, still unbelievably 18.000,- guilders in debt, forcing his widow to sell their remaining furniture and paintings. Van Goyen's troubles also may have affected the early business prospects of his student and son-in-law Jan Steen, who lef The Hague in 1654.
Typically, a Dutch painter of the 17th century ( also known as the Dutch Golden Age) will fall into one of the four categories, a painter of portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, or genre. Dutch painting was highly specialized and rarely could an artist hope to ahcieve greatness in more than one area in a liftime of painting. Jan van Goyen would be classified primarily as a landscape artist with an eye for the genre 'subjects of everyday life'. He painted many of the canals in an around The Hague as well as the villages surrounding the countryside of Delft, Rotterdam, Leiden and Gouda. Other popular Dutch landscape painters of the sixteenth and seventeenth century were Jacob van Ruisdael, Aelbert Cuyp, Hendrick Avercamp, Ludolf Backhuysen, Meindert Hobbema and Aert van der Neer.
Jan van Goyen was famously influental on the landscape painters of his century. His tonal quality was a feature that many imitated. He influenced Cornelis de Brie, Jan Coelenbierm, Cornelis van Noorde, Abraham Susenier, Herman Saftleven, Pieter Jansz van Asch and Abraham van Beijeren.